ҚАЗІРГІ ҚАЗАҚСТАН ЭКОНОМИКАСЫ ҚАНДАЙ?

1 680 рет оқылды, 132 пікір жазылды, 26 09 2017 12:21

Әлемдік нарықта көптеген елдер отандық өнімдерімен тауар алмасып отырады. Бүгінде әлемдік тауар алмасуда әртүрлі, дамуы мен мәртебе жағынан сан қилы елдер кездесіп жатады. Соның ішінде өнеркәсібі дамыған, жаңа индустриалды елдер қатары бар. Олар әрине, АҚШ, Германия, Жапония, Франция т.б. сияқты елдер болып табылады. Аталмыш нарықта Қазақстан Республикасының да алатын орны бар. Біздің еліміз бірнеше әлемдік ұйымдарға мүше болып табылады. Осындай деңгейде, отандық өнім шығаруда да, ел экономикасына оң өзгерістер әкелуде. Атап айтатын болсақ, мұнай мен газ, уран, тағам өнімдері, астық шаруашылығы және туризмдік бағытта.

Қазақстанда нарық қашан пайда болды? Әрине, бұл сұраққа нақты жауап табу қиын. Бірақ тарихқа сүйенсек, қазақ халқы қалыптасқан сәттен бастап-ақ нарық айырбас ретінде жүргізіліп отырған. Ал, әлемдік нарыққа шығу жолын, Қазақстан жерімен өтетін Жібек жолымен байланыстырамыз. Сол кездің өзінде Қытайдан тауар тасымалдаған керуендер арқылы, біздің елімізге жаңа өнім түрлері келген. Менің ойымша, әлемдік нарыққа Қазақстан сол кездің өзінде аяқ басқан.

Ал , қазіргі Қазақстан экономикасы қандай? Жалпы өзге елмен салыстырғанда жер көлемінен де, халық тұрмысының жағдайы да алдыңғы қатарда десе артық айтпағанымыз болар. Тәуелсіз ел болып қалыптасқаннан бастап, елдің өз теңгесі, экономикасы өмірге келді. Алайда 23 жыл ішінде әлемдік нарықта айтарлықтай орын алдық па? Не себепті, әлі күнге дейін шет елдік тауарларды пайдаланамыз? Отандық өнімнің сапасы төмен болғаны ма?

 

Отандық тауарлар қолжетімді болғанымен бағасы жағынан аса қымбат. Себебі, кейбір техниканың жетіспеуінен шет елдерге жіберу арқылы өңдеу мәселелері көтеріліп отыр. Бұл кәсіпкер үшін де тиімсіз болып табылады. Бұдан шығатын қортынды, отандық сапалы өнім өндіру үшін ең алдымен, қабілетті мамандар мен техника қажет. Біздің елімізде аталған екі талап та қарастырылмаған. Тек кейбір облыс орталықтарында орналасқан зауыттарда ғана мұндай мүмкіндік бар. Ал, ауыл шаруашылығы, киім, көлік саласында үлкен мәселеге айналып отыр. Осындай мәселелердің көтерілуі нәтижесінде елбасымыз отандық кәсіпкерлерге үлкен жағдай жасап отырғаны мәлім. Яғни, үлкен көлемде қаражатты несиеге беріп, өз кәсібін бастаймын деушілердің қолтығынан демеуде.

Жоғарыда атап айтқандай, Қазақстан әлемдік ұйымдарға мүше. Дәл осы уақытта халық аузында жүрген Қазақстан-Ресей-Беларусь үштігі. Бұл Еуразиялық экономикалық одаққа мүше болу, бізге не пайда береді? Нұрсұлтан Әбішұлының сөзіне жүгінсек, белгілі бір экономикалық өкілеттіктерді біз, мысалы, Еуропалық одақтағы секілді ұлтүстілік органдарға беретін боламыз, онда Еурокомиссия кедендік мәселелерді шешеді, сауда, тарифтер, мұнай мен газ тасымалы, электр энергиясы, теміржол және автомобиль жолдары саласын реттейді. Дәл осы сынды жаңалықтардың бағытын баяндайтын «Markets and Industries» бағдарламасы болмақ деп білемін.

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